西餐菜谱的英文说法——在国外系列4

发布时间: 2013-12-06 10:30   来源: 北外网院
关键词:

1,烹调方式 Cooking Method 
fried... 煎   deep fried... 炸(干炸)  quick-fried/stir-fried...(爆)炒   braised... 炖(烧)  stewed... 闷(炖、煨) steamed...蒸  smoked... 熏   roast... 烤    grilled... 烤 crisp... 香酥  spicy... 麻辣   caramelized... 拔丝    toffee...拔丝  dices... ...丁  mashed... ...馅、泥  in brown sauce 红烧     in soy sauce 酱汁      in hot sauce 干烧    in tomato sauce 茄汁   in black bean sauce 豆瓣  in rice wine 糟溜     with fish flavor 鱼香   with sweet and sour flavor 糖醋   in soup   氽      shreds ...   丝   slices ...片  cubes ...   块 

 

2,调味品 Condiments table \
salt食盐    sugar白糖     cheese 奶酪/干酪    vinegar 醋     butter黄油     peppe胡椒     soy sauce酱油     cream奶油    curry咖哩    mustard芥茉  honey蜂蜜    tomato sauce蕃茄酱   gravy肉汁   jam果酱   cube sugar方糖    ginger姜    garlic大蒜     shallot大葱     mayonnaise 蛋黄酱      sweet soybean paste甜面酱 

 

3,汤类 Soup
clear soup/thin soup/consommé清汤      pottage/thick soup浓汤     broth肉汤    beef soup牛肉汤    tomato soup西红柿汤     cabbage soup洋白菜汤    vegetable soup菜汤 chicken soup 鸡汤    creamed chicken soup 奶油鸡汤 fish and tomato soup 红鱼汤    creamed ham soup 奶油火腿汤      beef balls soup牛肉丸子汤   creamed prawn soup奶油虾汤    beef and vegetable soup 牛肉蔬菜汤     creamed spinach soup奶油菠菜汤     hot and sour soup酸辣汤     minced chicken and corn pottage 鸡茸粟米汤        curry chicken soup 咖哩鸡汤 

 

4,主食 Staple food
中餐主食Chinese Food rice
gruel/porridge大米粥     millet gruel小米粥      steamed bun/steamed bread馒头      steamed twisted roll花卷    meat pie馅饼     pancake煎饼       meatbun/steamed bread with stuffings包子    dumpling 饺子    wonton/dumpling soup馄饨      noodles面条     sichuan style noodles with peppery sauce担担面      fried noodles 炒面       stretched noodles拉面     noodles with soup汤面      noodles with soybean paste 炸酱面     beef noodles 牛肉面        spring roll/egg roll 春卷        rice noodles 米线     sweet dumpling 元宵    egg fried rice蛋炒饭      deep-fried dough sticks油条       soybean milk豆浆       muffin 松糕/饼      cruller油饼 

 

西餐主食Western Food bread 
面包 toast 烤面包/土司    rye bread黑麦面包      bun 小圆面包      hamburger汉堡包       bacon cheeseburger腊肉奶酪汉堡包     sandwich三明治  tuna sandwich金枪鱼三明治 hotdog 热狗biscuits/crackers/cookies饼干    pancake烤饼/薄饼     pizza比萨饼    meat-pie肉馅饼  barley gruel大麦粥    oatmeal燕麦粥    French fries炸薯条 pudding布丁      macaroni通心面          spaghetti意大利面条 

 

5,主菜 Entrees
西餐主菜Western Entrees
beef steak牛排       rare半熟的(牛排)    roast beef 烤牛排      medium-rare适中偏生的(牛排)    curry beef 咖哩牛排    (medium) 适中的(牛排)   real cutlet/veal chop 小牛排   (medium-well done) 适中偏熟的(牛排)    roast veal 烤小牛排    (well done) 熟透的(牛排)  spiced beef 五香牛排        braised beef 焖牛排     roast mutton 烤羊肉      lamb chop 羊排     porp chop 猪排   sliced ham 火腿片 roast turkey 烤火鸡     roast chicken 烤油鸡      curried chicken 咖哩鸡      roast duck 烤鸭   smoked carp 熏鲤鱼    sardine 沙丁鱼fried fish 炸鱼     fried eggs 煎鸡蛋       boiled eggs 煮鸡蛋      poached eggs 荷包蛋    omelet/omelette 摊鸡蛋/蛋卷    pickled cucumber 酸黄瓜   

French salad 法式(色拉酱)
salad dressing色拉酱       chicken salad 鸡色拉     vegebable salad素菜色拉     Italian 意大利式(色拉酱)   ham salad 火腿色拉    Blue cheese 蓝乳酪式(色拉酱) Russian 俄式(色拉酱) backed potato 烤土豆      mashed potato 土豆泥 

 

中餐主菜Chinese Dishes
bean curb豆腐       beansprouts豆芽   steamed chicken清蒸鸡    braised chicken焖鸡    Beijing roast duck北京烤鸭    preserved eggs 松花蛋   braised pork 红烧扣肉    red-cooked pork红烧肉sweet-sour pork 糖醋肉      broiled beef slices烤牛肉片   chop suey炒杂碎    stir-fried liver炒猪肝     sweet-and-sour fish糖醋鱼    meat balls肉丸子     fried prawns炸大虾     steamed turtle炖甲鱼

 

6,甜点 Dessert
cake蛋糕     cream cake奶油蛋糕     ice-cream冰淇淋     pie馅饼    vanilla ice-cream  香草冰淇淋    shortcake松饼   chocolate ice-cream巧克力冰淇淋    strawberry ice-cream草霉冰淇淋    apple pie苹果馅饼    ice sucker冰棍      jello冰糕     pastry点心   yam甜薯   sweet potato番薯      raisin葡萄干    tart果馅饼

 

7,酒水 DRINKS
软饮料非酒精饮料soft drinks/beverages
black coffee不加牛奶的咖啡/清咖啡    decaffeinated coffee无咖啡因的咖啡    white coffee牛奶咖啡    coffee with cream and sugar加奶加糖的咖啡    instant coffee速溶咖啡      plain coffee纯咖啡   green tea绿茶    black tea红茶     jasmine tea茉莉花茶     tea bags袋泡茶   yogurt酸奶 cocacola/coke/cocoa 可口可乐    7-up 七喜    Pepsi Cola 百事可乐   Diet Pepsi 无糖百事可乐      Sprite 雪碧    fruit juice水果汁    lemonade柠檬汁      orangeade 桔子汁     mineral water矿泉水 soda water汽水    fresh orange juice鲜桔子汁      
Fruit Punch水果混合饮料     beer啤酒     light beer淡啤酒    draught beer扎啤 

 

开胃酒 
aperitive/apertif wine低度酒/葡萄酒     white wine白葡萄酒     red wine/port红葡萄酒/红酒    sherry雪利酒    champagne香槟酒    cocktail鸡尾酒    non-alcoholic cocktail无酒精鸡尾酒     martini马丁尼鸡尾酒     punch潘趣酒    vermouth味美思酒/苦艾酒     rose liquor玫瑰酒   cider苹果酒 烈性酒   liquor/spirit whisky威士忌       brandy白兰地     scotch 苏格兰威士忌      vodka 伏特加 

 

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