外语学习攻略

发布时间: 2014-02-19 12:59   来源: 北外网院
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You could study in a classroom, but why not get immersed in the culture as well?
既然你会在教室里学习,那为什么不到自己融入到文化中去学习呢?
Old joke: What do you call a person who speaks several languages? Polyglot. Somebody who speaks two languages? Bilingual. How about someone who speaks only one language? American.
有一个陈年的玩笑:你如何称呼会说几国语言的人?通晓多种语言者。那会说两种语言的人呢?双语者。那只会说一种语言的人呢?美国人。
It’s a cringe-worthy stereotype: the “ugly American” tourist shouting in English thinking the added decibels will help the local person understand him. There’s a much better way to communicate with the global community: Learn another language. While you can always take an online crash course or listen to audiobooks, a much more rewarding way to learn -- and satisfy your wanderlust -- is to do it on location.
这是一种值得炫耀的固有形象:“丑陋的美国”游客大声地说着英语,自以为高分贝就能让当地人理解他讲什么。一种与地球村进行沟通的更好的方式是:学习另一种语言。虽然你总能在线参加速成课程或是听有声电子书,但更有效的学习方式(同时满足你的旅游欲望)是在本土国家学习这种语言。
Would-be students tend to fall into one of two camps: people who want to learn a language from scratch or improve their proficiency with a fairly common one, and those seeking an adventure, where the language is a bonus. Knowing what you want to get out of the experience will help determine whether you should go on, say, a monthlong trip to Europe or a shorter one to a more exotic place like Africa.
学习新语言的学生往往分为两类:一类是从零开始学习一门新语言的人,或是与水平相当的人一起提升熟练度;另一类是寻求体验并把语言学习作为激励的人。明了自己想从这段经历中获得什么,这将帮助你应该做出什么样的决定,比如说是选择为期一个月的欧洲之旅,还是选择到非洲这样更有异国情调的地方来一次短期旅游。


More Than Just Language Lessons
不仅仅是语言课程
“A culturally immersive program, where it is not possible to speak English is the only way to learn a new language, in my opinion,” says Irene Lane, founder of the eco-adventure company Greenloons.
生态探险公司Greenloons的创始人艾琳-莱恩说:“我的观点是,把一个人放在说不了英语的文化沉浸式项目里,这是学习新语言的唯一方法。”
And the lessons learned aren’t just linguistic. Observing family life, going to the local market, interacting with shopkeepers help to round out and deepen the overall experience. For travelers with less time, there are great “quickie” language-learning options, like lessons in conversational Hebrew at a Tel Aviv coffee house or privates lessons in business Spanish at the San Miguel language academy, Academia Hispano Americana.
学到的不仅仅是语言。观察家庭生活、到当地市场去、和店主交流,这些将帮助你完善和加深整个体验。对于只有短暂时间旅行的人来说,这些都算是不错的语言“速成”学习选择,像在特拉维夫咖啡馆里的希伯来语对话交流,或在圣米格尔语言学院的商务西班牙语私人课程。


Maximize Your Immersion
让你的沉浸式学习最大化
Your greatest souvenir from a language-learning adventure will be the ability to communicate in a foreign tongue. But you're also likely to make lasting friendships and find inspiration for future international escapes. Following these suggestions can help you get even more out of your once-in-a-lifetime experience.
在语言学习的经历中,你得到的最大礼物是用外国语进行沟通的能力。此外你还能建立一段长久的友谊,并找到在未来全球范围内语言沉浸学习的灵感。遵循以下建议,你将从人生中仅此一次的经历中受益更多。


1. Practice, practice, practice
练习,练习,再练习
Don’t be afraid to ask the locals to speak with you. Getting involved in a community project when time allows, so that the can refine your skills as well as teach your native language.
不要害怕,勇敢地邀请当地人和你荻花。如果时间允许,要参与到社区项目中,这样你不仅可以教授他们你的母语,而且你还改进了你的技能。


2. Journal your progress
记录进步
Document your adventure with photographs and add captions in your new language. The more you learn, the more fun your story will become to write. While an eight- to 10-day vacation won’t result in fluency, your skills -- and confidence -- should rise dramatically.
用图片记录你的经历,用你新学到的语言来备注标题。你学的越多,你写的故事就越有趣。虽然在8到10天的假期里你不能练就流利的口语,但你的技能(和信心)会得到极大的提升。


3. Be patient with yourself
要有耐心
Don’t be discouraged if you have trouble communicating. Ask people to speak more slowly if you are feeling overwhelmed. (That’s a great phrase to learn right away, by the way.) Set reasonable goals and be sure to allow time to enjoy the whole experience. You made a conscious decision to take a learning journey, so go easy on yourself.
如果在沟通上遇到困难,不要灰心。如果你感到不知所措,就请对方说得慢一点(顺便说一句,这是一条要马上学习的极好表达用语)。设立合理的目标,一定要有时间享受整个过程。你做出了要参加学习旅程的慎重决定,所以慢慢来。

4. Keep it going
保持状态
Hatch a plan to keep or expand your skills once you’re home. Join a local language club, take an evening course, find a native speaker, or make a habit of watching films or subscribing to a magazine in your “new” language.
等你回到家,就制定一个计划来保持或拓展你的技能。加入当地的语言俱乐部,参加夜校课程,找一个以该语言为母语的人,培养看电影的习惯,或订阅一份“新”语言的杂志。

 

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