多年后,是什么让一所学校在你记忆中闪光

发布时间: 2015-11-17 09:11   来源: 北外网院
关键词: 学校 记忆 双语 英文 北外网院

“A classroom should be a place of wisdom, happiness – and beauty.”

课堂理应是激荡智慧,充满欢乐的美妙所在。

They are buildings in which to teach and learn – but they can be magnificent too. Jonathan Glancey discusses some of the most stunning seats of learning.

它们是用以传授学识的建筑,同时它们也是灵魂与智慧对话的殿堂。本文列举了一些有趣的校园,它们有的美到令人窒息,有的身负伤感的身世故事,有的将先哲的智慧慷慨奉上供人取阅。身处其中,你或许会感受到自己的单薄和苍白,但苍白也闪耀着快乐的光彩。

学校是一首田园牧歌

Stowe in Buckinghamshire is, without doubt, one of the world’s most beautiful schools. It was founded in 1923 in the Arcadian landscape of one of England’s most romantic country estates threatened with demolition at the time. Saved, after a spirited fight led by the architect Clough William-Ellis, it was turned into a school. John Fergusson Roxburgh, Stowe’s founding headmaster, said it would be a school where every pupil would “know beauty when he sees it all his life.”

白金汉郡的斯托中学无疑是世界上最美的校园之一,它建成于1923年,拥有英格兰浪漫的乡村田园牧歌式风景。经过战争洗礼,它被完整保留下来如今成为一所有名的综合中学,这所学校的校长曾说,这里应该让每个见到它及身处其中的学生明了什么是真正的美好。

学校是一叶飘萍

                                                                                                  Credit: NLÉ, Iwan Baan

Not every school can be Stowe, an English public school and a place of privilege, and yet beauty can be found in the least privileged settings, too. Which school could be more special than the floating school in Makoko, a waterborne shanty town off the coast of Lagos. Here, NLE architects, a Dutch firm led by Nigerian-born Kunlé Adeyemi, have shaped a simple, yet hauntingly beautiful timber school floating among lagoon houses.

不是每个学校都如斯托中学般幸运,身为公立学校的同时还拥有私人财产的保护特权。正如建于尼日利亚拉各斯的Makoko海滨社区学校,它是地道的“水生”学校。

由于人类过度破坏大自然导致全球变暖海平面上升,Makoko正面临着家园随时被吞噬的灭顶之灾。为了帮助当地居民脱离困境,NLÉ建筑事务所决定在这个贫困的水上村落开展一项设计规划项目,务求让这里变成一个完善的水上社区,漂浮学校是这个项目的第一阶段目标。

借助“浮力”,NLÉ团队将大量的空心蓝色胶桶固定成一个具有极佳支撑力和浮力的平台,然后利用细长的木条搭建成一个金字塔形状的框架。待大体结构完成之后,建筑师再以通风排水的建材和能够为学校提供能源的太阳能收集装置制成屋顶,并采用木板将建筑内部的空间分隔成底层的操场、二三层的教室,这座能够不受水位影响的学校就大功告成了。

学校是个有趣的书呆子

“Oxford and Cambridge have inspired the design of university campuses worldwide.”

牛津和剑桥大学汇聚了世界各地校园的设计灵感。

Certain undergraduates choose a college like Magdalen, Oxford as much for its beauty – its medieval cloister and tower designed by William Orchard and its later Palladian and Victorian additions set by the River Isis back onto a timeless deer park – as for its scholastic virtues. It is perhaps not a coincidence that Magdalen’s library houses a fine collection of books on architecture, including its first, a 1649 Dutch edition of Vitruvius’s De Architectura, a treatise dating from the 1st Century BC. Vitruvius reminds architects of their duty to build with firmness, commodity and delight.

莫德林学院于1840年创办于牛津市中心,中世纪修道院建筑及永恒鹿苑或许都向我们证明了,它的图书馆能拥有品类齐全且版本完美的建筑书籍绝不是巧合,这其中还包括1649年荷兰版本的马可•维特鲁威的建筑学著作及自公元前1世纪起的论文收藏。在这里,维特鲁威像个古老不朽的幽灵,时刻提醒着建筑师们关于建造所要背负的责任:坚实、实用及使人心生喜悦的美感。

The most delightful places of learning have always been lined with books. To wander into the Long Room of the Old Library of Trinity College, Dublin is to experience a literary and architectural epiphany. The 213-ft (65m) long room is timber-lined throughout, rising – since 1860 – to a great barrel vault crowning alcoves of leather-bound books set between busts of prominent philosophers and literary giants.

最让人感到舒心的学习场所一定会有成排的书籍静静守候。漫步在三一学院的古老图书馆长廊中,是体会澈悟文学和建筑灵魂的绝佳场所。213英尺(65米)长的长廊中,整齐摆放着远至18世纪的各类图书古籍,更有先哲们的半身像静静注视着人们。

“The most delightful places of learning have always been lined with books.”

一个充满智慧愉悦感的所在,一定不乏书籍陈列其间。

Library, bibliothèque, 図書館, Die Bibliothek, De bibliotheek, библиотека, Biblioteca, La biblioteca , 도서관, kirjasto, knihovna, A Biblioteca……

北京外国语大学的图书馆外墙用54种语言做镂空雕刻,只为说“图书馆”三个字。这确实是个很温暖的想法——不管你来自世界上哪片大陆,在这座建筑里都能找到故乡的语言。

图书馆共6层,从建筑中间仰望,视线会穿越一层层不同语言组成的图书列阵,飞上阳光满溢的玻璃天顶。无论多么高冷生僻的语言,在满当当的书架上也总有一个位置留给它。在这里,来自任何文明的书呆子都享有同等的权力和乐趣。

所以,是什么让你对那·一·所学校念念不忘呢?

北外网院招生对象:

  高起专、高起本:持有高中(或相当于高中的中专、技校、职高)及以上学历毕业证书者。

  专升本:持有国民教育系列的专科或专科以上毕业证书者。

  北外网院招生简章 http://www.beiwaionline.com/degree/ER/webinfo/2010/02/1264986247890767.htm

 

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雅思培训班火热招生中

             http://www.beiwaionline.com/aboutbeiwai/news/webinfo/2015/10/1431068958783599.htm

  

  北京外国语大学外教口语班火热开班,速来练就职场达人吧。

  详情点击:http://www.beiwaionline.com/aboutbeiwai/news/webinfo/2015/10/1431068958080286.htm

       北京外国语大学外国语言学及应用语言学专业(英语教育方向)课程研修班招生简章

       http://www.beiwaionline.com/special/zzye

 

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