女神们节日快乐:时光不老,祝福不变

发布时间: 2016-03-08 10:47   来源: 北外网院
关键词: 女神们 节日快乐 英语在职研 雅思 北外网院

听说迪拜女人只花钱,德国女人只工作,日本女人只带孩子,亲爱的中国女同胞,你得工作、创业、带孩子、洗衣做饭、收拾家、教育子女……谁说女人是水做的,明明是水泥做的!好吧,不管别国女人如何,我们绝不随波逐流~~愿所有亲爱的们——3.7女生节或者3.8妇女节快乐,永远18岁,貌美如花,婀娜多姿!!

今天,你一定也有许多人要祝福或者要许下心愿,用好wish这个词并不容易,看看如何祝福别人吧!

In English, wish is a powerful word for expressing your dreams, hopes

and desires. Here are some examples:

在英语中,wish是一个表达梦想、希望和愿望最强有力的词汇,下面是一些例子:

We wish you the best.

我们把最好的愿望送给你。

Her mother wishes they would get married.

她的母亲希望他们会结婚。

I wish I had brought my camera.

我真希望我带了我的相机。

I wish to speak to the president.

我想和总统讲话。

You will often hear wish in music, movie dialog, poetry and inspirational speeches. Let's take a look at some of the tricky grammar issues with wish.

在音乐、电影对白、诗歌和励志演讲中,你会经常听到wish这个词。让我们来看一些关于wish的棘手的语法问题吧。

A wish is a desire for a different reality. In general, wishes

express desires that are unlikely to happen. If you say, "I wish I could fly," it means you probably will not grow wings and learn to fly.

愿望是对不同的现实的渴望。通常情况,表达愿望,是不可能发生的。如果你说:

“我希望我能飞”,这意味着你可能不会长出翅膀,学会飞翔。

A Unique Verb

一个独特的动词

Wish follows a unique -- and rather confusing -- set of grammar rules. Wish uses the same verb back shifting rule as reported speech.

wish遵循一套独特的并且相当混乱的语法规则。wish使用相同的动词后移规则

Verb back shifting

动词后移

A wish about the present uses a simple past main verb.

wish的现在时用于过去式的动词形式

He wishes he understood the lesson.

他希望他明白这一教训。

In this example, understood is a simple past verb.

在这个例子中,理解是一个简单的过去式动词。

Wish is often followed by that. That introduces a noun clause. It is optional. For example:

Wish常常放在that从句中。介绍了一个名词性从句。that是可以选择存在的。例如:

I wish that I looked like a movie star.

I wish I looked like a movie star.

我希望我看起来像一个电影明星。

 

Both of these sentences have the same meaning.

这两个句子都有相同的意思。

In hypothetical situations, such as wishes and conditionals, use were for all pronouns.

在假设的情况下,例如愿望和条件,were适用于所有的代词。

I wish you were here.

我希望你在这里。

I wish she were here.

我希望她在这里。

I wish I were there.

我希望我在那里。

In everyday conversation, you might hear was after wish. For example, "I wish I was the president." Was is acceptable in informal situations, but you should use were in formal situations. This confusing rule comes to English through Latin.

在日常会话中,你可能会听到was出现在wish之后。例如,“我希望我是总统”,在非正式的况下是可以接受的,但是你应该在正式场合使用。这个令人费解的规则是通过拉丁语来的。

Future wishes

未来的愿望

Wish followed by would usually implies a request. For example:

wish用于would之后通常意味着一个请求。例如:

I wish you would finish college before you get married.

我希望结婚前你能完成学业。

Wish can be used after be going to or will to predict a future

regret. Maybe you have heard your parents say something like this:

wish可以使用在be going to之后,预测未来会后悔。也许你听过你父母说的话:

Someday, you are going to wish you had taken my advice.

总有一天,你会希望你曾采纳了我的建议。

When you are older, you will wish that you had studied engineering.

当你年纪大了,你会希望你当初学习了工程学。

Past wishes

过去的愿望

Let's take a closer look at past wishes. Generally, a past wish is a wish that did not come true. To refer to a past wish, use a past perfect verb after the object. To form the past perfect, use had followed by a past participle verb.

让我们仔细看看过去的愿望。一般而言,过去的愿望是并未实现的。要指过去的希望,用在一个过去的完美对象后的动词。为了形成过去的完美,使用了一个动词的过去分词。

She wishes she had written down the phone number.

她希望她写下了电话号码。

I wish I had known that you were in town last week.

我希望我知道你上周在城里。

Listen to country singer Gene Autry make a past wish in an old song called "I Wish I Had Never Met Sunshine." In this song, Sunshine is the name of a lost lover.

听乡村歌手吉恩奥特里在一首老歌曾经的愿望是“我希望我从未见过阳光。”

在这首歌里,阳光是失去爱人的名字。

Listen to this song by Taylor Swift. You will hear three different uses of wish. She starts with a future wish, then shifts to the past, then to the present.

听泰勒斯威夫特的这首歌。你会听到三个不同的wish时态。她从未来的愿望开始,然后转向过去,然后到现在。

I wish you would come back (future)

我希望你能回来(将来)

(I) wish I (had) never hung up the phone like I did (past)

(我)希望我(曾)从未挂断电话(过去)

I wish you knew that I'll never forget you as long as I live. (present)

我希望你知道我永远不会忘记你,只要我活着。(目前)

I wish you were right here, right now it's all good (present)

我希望你在这里,现在一切都好(现在)

Wish+infinitive

希望+不定式

Wish followed by an infinitive makes a strong demand. For example:

wish后接不定式作强烈的需求。例如:

I wish to speak to the manager.

我想和经理谈一谈。

I wish to learn the truth about what happened.

我想知道发生了什么事。

Wish can be followed by an infinitive, but never by a gerund. For

example, it would sound strange to say, "I wish going skiing." The

correct form is, "I wish to go skiing."

希望可以跟不定式,但不跟动名词。例如,“我想去滑雪。”听起来很奇怪,正确的形式是,“我想去滑雪。”

Hope vs. Wish

希望与愿望

What's the difference between hope and wish? In some contexts they can changeable. Hope usually expresses desire that is possible. Wish, on the other hand, refers to an outcome that is not likely to happen.

hope和wish有什么区别?在某些情况下他们可以完全互换。hope通常表达愿望是可能的。相反,wish是一个不太可能发生的结果。

Pay attention to the different contexts of hope and wish in these examples.

注意hope and wish在这些不同的例句中。

I hope you pass the test. (possible)

我希望你通过考试。(可能)

I wish I could fly. (impossible)

我希望我能飞。(不可能)

I hope I get to work on time. (possible)

我希望我能准时上班。(可能)

I wish I were a millionaire. (not likely)

我希望我是一个百万富翁。(不太可能)

 

(作者:John Russell   翻译:王宁)

 

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