10招教你迈过中式英语雷区

发布时间: 2017-11-30 09:08   来源: 北外网院
关键词: 英语学习 中式英语 北外网院 北外网课 2018春学历招生

能说一口地道的英语是所有英语学习者的梦想,但经过十几年的闭门苦修,很多号称词汇量上万的同学跟老外聊天还是目光呆傻,结结巴巴。很多人把这种情况归结为水平问题,而实则根本在于中西方思维和逻辑方式的问题。今天文中的几个例子就是典型的中式英文常见错误,也是同学们经常用到的句子。

 

1这个价格对我很合适

✖ The price is very suitable for me.

✔ The price is right.

提示 suitable(合适的、相配的)最常见的用法是以否定的形式出现在告示或通知上,如:下列节目儿童不宜。The following programme is not suitable for children. 这句话用后面的说法会更合适。

2你是做什么工作的?

✖ What's your job?

✔Are you working at the moment?

提示 what's your job这种说法难道也有毛病吗?是的。因为如果您的谈话对象刚刚失业,如此直接的问法会让对方有失面子,所以您要问:目前您是在上班吗?Are you working at the moment?接下来您才问:目前您在哪儿工作呢?Where are you working these days?或者您从事哪个行业呢?What line of work are you in?

3**用英语怎么说?

✖ How to say?

✔ How do you say this in English?

提示 How to say是在中国最为泛滥成灾的中国式英语之一,这绝不是地道的英语说法。同样的句子有:请问这个词如何拼写?How do you spell that please?请问这个单词怎么读?How do you pronounce this word?

4明天我有事情要做

✖ I have something to do tomorrow.

✔ I am tied up all day tomorrow.

提示 用I have something to do来表示您很忙,这也完全是中国式的说法。因为每时每刻我们都有事情要做,躺在那里睡大觉也是事情。所以您可以说我很忙,脱不开身:I'm tied up.还有其他的说法:I can't make it at that time. I'd love to, but I can't, I have to stay at home.

5我没有英文名

✖ I haven't English name.

✔ I don't have an English name.

提示 许多人讲英语犯这样的错误,从语法角度来分析,可能是语法功底欠缺,因为have在这里是实义动词,而并不是在现在完成时里面那个没有意义的助动词。所以,这句话由肯定句变成否定句要加助动词。明白道理是一回事,习惯是另一回事,请您再说几话:我没有钱;I don't have any money.我没有兄弟姐妹;I don't have any brothers or sisters.我没有车。I don't have a car.

6我想我不行

✖ I think I can't.

✔ I don't think I can.

提示 汉语里说“我想我不会”的时候,英语里面总是说“我不认为我会”。以后您在说类似的英语句子的时候,只要留心,也会习惯英语的表达习惯的。

7我的舞也跳得不好

✖ I don't dance well too.

✔ I am not a very good dancer either.

提示 当我们说不擅长做什么事情的时候,英语里面通常用not good at something,英语的思维甚至直接踊跃到:我不是一个好的舞者。

8现在几点?

✖ What time is it now?

✔ What time is it, please?

提示 What time is it now是一个直接从汉语翻译过的句子,讲英语的时候没有必要说now,因为您不可能问what time was it yesterday, 或者what time is it tommorow?所以符合英语习惯的说法是:请问现在几点了?还有一种说法是:How are we doing for time?这句话在有时间限制的时候特别合适。

9我英语很破

✖ My English is poor.

✔ I am not 100% fluent, but at least I am improving.

提示 有人开玩笑说,全中国人最擅长的一句英文是:My English is poor. 外国人遇到自己外语不好的情况,他们会说: I am still having a few problem, but I am getting better.

10你愿意参加我们的晚会吗?

✖ Would you like to join our party on Friday?

✔ Would you like to come to our party on Friday night?

提示 join往往是指参加俱乐部或者协会,如:join a health club; join the Communist Party.事实上,常常与party搭配的动词是come 或者go。如go a wild party,或者come to a Christmas Party。

 

                   

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

          

 

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